torstai 18. elokuuta 2011

Afrikkalais-kuubalaisen kansanuskon jumalia

Vastaan tuli kuubalaisen taitelijan Alberto del Pozon 1980-luvulla tekemiä litografioita, joissa kuvataan länsi-afrikkalaisen pakanauskon ja katolilaisten pyhimysten palvonnan yhdistelmänä syntyneen santeria-uskonnon jumalia. Aivan mieletön värimaailma!

The blacksmith god of metal and war, Ogun is the implaccable enemy of his brother Chango. Whenever they meet they duel. He lives deep within the earth, and is represented by a three-footed pot with nine to twenty one iron utensils that symbolise smithies and industry. The machete is also his symbol. A hard working and unforgiving god, Ogun must never be invoked in vain, and if lied to he punishes severely. He accepts offerings of tobacco, avocados, and lamb.

Orula is the father of time and lord of divination. His other names are Ifa and Orumbila. He owns ate ifa, the sacred board, and okuele, the sacred chain, which babalawos and yllalochas (priests and priestesses) must consult to view the future.

Queen of the waters, Yemayá is the mother of all Orichas. A siren at sea, on land she becomes an amazing beauty adorned with the manifold treasures of the deep. Her conduct is impeccable, and she is the ultimate protector of the faithful. Her messenger is a mouse and a serpent her constant companion.

Symbolizing peace and harmony, Ochumare is the god of the rainbow, the link between heaven and earth.

Echú Eleguá
Among the most ancient of the Orishas Echú Eleguá is the messenger of the gods, who forges roads, protects the house, and is heaven's gate-keeper. In any ceremony he is invoked first. He owns all cowrie shells and is the god of luck. A prankster, Echú Eleguá frequently has a monkey and a black rooster by his side. Like a mischievous boy he enjoys gossip and must be pampered with offerings of toys, fruit, and candy.

Extremely handsome, Changó is a fearless warrior. He is the god of thunder and fire and is notorious as a woman chaser and superb dancer. He is also a great seer and healer. The royal palm, which is the symbol of his divinity, is also his home and throne.

Living in the cemetery, Yewa is the goddess of death and mistress of all souls. She is deeply respected and feared.

Also known as Yansa, Oya is Changó's third wife. She is the goddess of the winds and of lightning and is mistress of the cemetery gates. Passionate and brave she fights by her husband's side if needed. Her favorite offerings are papaya, eggplant and geraniums.

Ibeyi are Taibo and Kainde, the twin sons of Changó and Ochún. Princes of mischief, they sometimes disguise themselves as little girls. They represent fortune and good luck, and must always remain tied together to avoid losing their power.

Lisää sarjan kuvia ja lisätietoja löytyy Miamin yliopiston Orichas-kokoelman sivuilta.

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